The Kyrgyz who came under Russian rule towards the end of the 19th century were introduced to language and education policies by the Russians. As a result of unfavourable language and educational policies implemented by the Russians, the number of Russian schools in Kyrgyzstan increased day by day, Kyrgyz Turkish were decreased to the level of spoken language and Russian culture became dominant in every field. Through the schools they opened, the Russians aimed to Russianise and Christianise the people, to teach Russian language and culture and to train Soviet people in accordance with the demands of the regime. During the Soviet period, the Arabic alphabet used by the Kyrgyz was replaced with Latin first, and then the Cyrillic alphabet was imposed to every Turkish tribe in different forms. Together with the independence it declared on August 31, 1991, Kyrgyzstan adopted a language and education policy that is based on language and national values. Kyrgyz Turkish has been used as the language of instruction especially in primary and secondary education, and textbooks have been prepared in Kyrgyz Turkish. However, the process achieved is not at the desired level. In this study, the language and education policies applied in Kyrgyzstan starting from the Russian occupation of Kyrgyzstan to the present day are tried to be presented together with their background.
Kyrgyzstan, Language Policy, Education Policy
|Author :||Aysel BAYTOK|
|Number of pages:||45-82|