DİYALEKTOLOG

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Abstract


MANNERS AND CUSTOMS BY THE KYRGYZ DURING THE CUTTING AND OFFERING OF ANIMALS
The cultural values of a community affects their lifestyle and historical development, but at the same time it contributes to the adopted lifestyle's formation process of a unique cultural structure. Many examples can be seen in this world. We see this as a result of researches made about the cultural values of Kyrgyz Turks, who are the oldest Turkish tribe nowadays. For example, it is understood that many works appreciated as Kyrgyz oral literature products is directly associated with their nomadic lifestyle embraced for centuries. In addition, elements shaped according to the nomadic lifestyle and hunting and farming occupations stand out in manners-customs and traditions stereotyped within the framework of traditional beliefs and this belief systems. These are not important elements of only the Kyrgyz cultural history but the cultural history of the Turkish people in general. Although it is known that researches are made on the traditional Turkish belief forming the basis of the Turkish culture today, these efforts have not reached the desired level yet. Our aim in preparing this article titled "Manners and Customs by the Kyrgyz during the Cutting and Offering of Animals" is to contribute to achieve the objective of the efforts by addressing an important issue that has not yet been researched. As is known, there are a number of beliefs in the Turkish communities from the ancient times associated with sacrificial animals and its properties (type, color, sex, age, etc.). For example, it is known that grey mare, white sheep or yellow goat would be sacrificed according to the purpose of the ceremony in the old Turkish tribes. This tradition still continues in the Kyrgyz people. However, some customs and beliefs implemented during the cutting and offering of animals and their meaning have been discussed and output source has been tried to be determined in this study rather than why the Kyrgyz sacrifice. For example, Kyrgyz serves the head of a sheep slaughtered while offering its meat, however the left ear is kept by the host. What does this mean? In our study, a number of applications and customs like this will seek answers.

Keywords
Kyrgyz culture, animal slaughtering, faith, beliefs


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