ISSN:2146-4219

THE PLACE OF MYSTICAL EXPERIENCES IN THE ARGUMENT OF RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE AS AN EVIDENCE FOR THE EXISTENCE OF GOD


The criticism of the theist arguments for the existence of God by philosophers like Spinoza, Hume and Kant has led religious thinkers to new searches. One of these is the argument of religious experience. Religious experience is classified according to its ways of occurrence. It needs be criticised whether mystic experience, which is included under this classification, should be taken as ‘religious’ or not. This is because many claims of mystic thought, which can be found in any religious tradition in different disguises, do not comply with theistic religions’ understanding of religion, morals and God. Whereas the mystic thought argues for union with the God, this is out of question in the theistic understanding of religion. The duality, that is; the separateness of God and man, that they cannot unite, the impossibility of man to become a God are oft-repeated in the sacred texts and the oneness of God is the main theme being taught to mankind. For this reason, the teachings of mystic thought should not be included in ‘religious experience’.


Keywords


Religious experience, mystic experience, oneness, union, oneness of God.

Author : Aysel TAN
Number of pages: 195-210
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29228/diyalektolog.37314
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Diyalektolog - Ulusal Hakemli Sosyal Arastirmalar Dergisi
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