In 30 BC the Roman Republic experienced its last civil war. This civil war, known as the Actium Naval War, was held by Caesar Octavianus and Marcus Antonius and, the Egyptian Queen, the VII. Cleopatra. At the end of the battle which Caesar Octavian achieved the victory, Marcus Antonius and queen VII. Cleopatra ended their lives by committing suicide. As Rome won a great victory, the famous kingdom of the Hellenistic period, the Ptolemaic Dynasty, which had dominated Egypt for nearly 300 years, ended. In the same year, Caesar Octavianus, who under the title of Augustus initiated the process that led the Roman Empire towards the Empire, took quick actions to reorganize Egypt as a Roman province. For the first time in 241 BC, the Roman Republic, which established a province on a peninsula other than its own, transformed all the earned places into states in accordance with its expansion policy. Egypt, which was built as a Roman province in 30 BC, especially, differed as a reflection of the policies when it became a state.The aim of this article is to evaluate the reforms in the administrative, military and tax system of the Egyptian State, the first province of the Principatus Period, within the political structure of the period.
Period of Principatus, Rome, Egypt, Augustus, Provinces
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